MPhil study projects

Factors contributing to increased number of HIV/Aids related deaths among nurses and midwives at a primary hospital in Botswana

Student: Tshegofatso Monica Ramasotla

Country: Botswana

HIV/Aids remains a global health crisis without a cure. Its toll includes the loss of many lives, including healthcare workers, adversely impacting productivity. This study aimed to explore factors contributing to the elevated mortality among nurses and midwives at Masunga Primary Hospital.

The objectives were multifaceted. Firstly, to identify barriers preventing nurses and midwives from engaging in HIV/Aids programmes. Secondly, to assess existing workplace HIV/Aids policies and healthcare workers’ comprehension of these. Thirdly, to evaluate the availability of support systems, particularly for nurses and midwives. Fourthly, to pinpoint gaps in the healthcare system’s response to HIV/Aids, particularly concerning medical staff.

Using a quantitative approach, the study employed questionnaires as the primary data collection method. Participants consisted of nurses and midwives from five hospital wards: outpatient, maternity, general, theatre and the Infectious Disease Control Centre.

The findings revealed widespread acknowledgment of HIV/Aids-related deaths in the facility. Identified potential contributors to this situation included poor sexual practices, inadequate physical and emotional support, absence of staff clinics and a lack of overall support from management and the Ministry of Health.