HIV/Aids, gender and vulnerable groups

This category delves into topical HIV/Aids concerns, encompassing gender dynamics and gender-based violence (GBV), which elevate HIV risk and impede care access. It examines cultural barriers like partner inheritance and child marriages, and highlights the heightened vulnerability stemming from social and cultural factors among marginalised groups such as children, LGBTQ+ individuals, drug users and people with disabilities. It also investigates emerging challenges like mental health, shifting sexual behaviours and tailored interventions across the lifespan.

Gender dynamics and GBV

Gender-related issues and gender-based violence as significant factors influencing HIV risk and access to care are examined here. The theme also addresses inequities and culturally harmful practices such as partner inheritance and child marriages that contribute to HIV transmission and hinder prevention efforts.

Increased vulnerability due to social and cultural factors

Vulnerable groups, including children, LGBTQ+ individuals, drug users and people with disabilities, face unique challenges in HIV prevention and treatment. The theme also looks at the need to address emerging challenges like mental health, substance abuse and changing sexual behaviour.

Addressing challenges across human lifespan

This theme covers paediatrics and HIV, mother-to-child transmission prevention, sexual reproductive health across ages and the aging population with HIV. It emphasises the need for tailored interventions throughout a person’s life, from childhood to old age.